When did the paleozoic era began. The Meiji Restoration marked the start of Japan's rise to a global po...

The event that caused the transition from the Paleozoic er

Republic of Texas. The present-day outlines of the U.S. states superimposed on the boundaries of 1836–1845. The surrender of Mexican General Santa Anna at the Battle of San JaciThe Paleozoic Era Paleozoic era began about 544 million years ago and lasted about 300 million years, during which time sea levels rose and fell worldwide, allowing shallow seas to cover the continents and marine life to flourish-from marine invertebrates to fishes, amphibians and Reptiles. a.)Learn more about the time period that took place 488 to 443 million years ago. During the Ordovician period, part of the Paleozoic era, a rich variety of marine life flourished in the vast seas ...The Cambrian Period (/ ˈ k æ m b r i. ə n, ˈ k eɪ m-/ KAM-bree-ən, KAYM-; sometimes symbolized Ꞓ) is the first geological period of the Paleozoic Era, and of the Phanerozoic Eon. The Cambrian lasted 53.4 million years from the end of the preceding Ediacaran Period 538.8 million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Ordovician Period 485.4 …The Permian ( / ˈpɜːrmi.ən / PUR-mee-ən) [4] is a geologic period and stratigraphic system which spans 47 million years from the end of the Carboniferous Period 298.9 million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Triassic Period 251.902 Mya. It is the last period of the Paleozoic Era; the following Triassic Period belongs to the ...May 23, 2019 · The Paleozoic Era begins after the Pre-Cambrian about 297 million years ago and ends with the start of the Mesozoic period about 250 million years ago. Each major era on the Geologic Time Scale has been further broken down into periods that are defined by the type of life that evolved during that span of time. Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic refer to periods in Earth's history. The Paleozoic era began 542 million years ago and ended 251 million years ago. The Mesozoic era is the age of dinosaurs and ...The Mesozoic Era is literally the era of “middle life.”. It is also known as the age of dinosaurs. It lasted from 245 to 65 million years ago and is divided into the three periods described in Figure below. The Mesozoic began with the supercontinent Pangaea. Then, during the era, Pangaea broke up and the continents drifted apart.The Paleozoic Era Paleozoic era began about 544 million years ago and lasted about 300 million years, during which time sea levels rose and fell worldwide, allowing shallow seas to cover the continents and marine life to flourish-from marine invertebrates to fishes, amphibians and Reptiles. a.)Archaea (archaebacteria) are a group of single-celled microorganisms without a defined nucleus. They are classified into three types: Crenarchaeota (heat- and acid-tolerant), Euryarchaeota (methanogens and halophiles), and Thaumarchaeota (ammonia-oxidizing archaea). There are also other less popular species, such as Korarchaeota and Nanoarchaeota.improved establishment of sown grasses. Grass establishment two years later was poor in unburnt plots due to the thick mulch layer left after clearing.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like A rotating cloud of gas and dust from which stars and planets form is called a _____., Earth's early atmosphere according to evolutionists did not have _____., The extreme loss of many species at a given time is called a _____. and more. How did Earth change in the Paleozoic Era? The Paleozoic Era, which ran from about 542 million years ago to 251 million years ago, was a time of great change on Earth. The era began with the breakup of one supercontinent and the formation of another. Plants became widespread. And the first vertebrate animals colonized land.The Cenozoic Era literally means the era of “modern life.”. It is also called the age of mammals. Mammals took advantage of the extinction of the dinosaurs. They flourished and soon became the dominant animals on Earth. You can learn more about the evolution of mammals during the Cenozoic at the link below. The Cenozoic began 65 million ...The _____ era is known as the "age of flowering plants." A)Precambrian B) Paleozoic C) Cenozoic D) Devonian E) Silurian. C _____ are among the most widespread Paleozoic fossils. A) Stromatolites B) Birds C) Dinosaurs D) Salamanders E) Brachiopods. E. As the solar system began forming, the first materials to condense into small particles were ...Terms in this set (23) What are the 4 major divisions of geologic history. Precambrian time, Paleozoic era, Mesozoic era, and Cenozoic era. About when did the Precambrian time begin. 4.6 billion years ago. What are 2 differences between early earth and the present earth. Early earth had an atmosphere made of gases and was a place of great termoil.How did shallow seas aid in the appearance of new life forms during the Paleozoic era. Stromatolites. ... Includes the present began 11,500 years ago, as the last ...Chapter- 2. THE STORY OF THE EVOLUTION OF MAN In this chapter, we will discuss the evolution of man. Here, the evolution of man means the evolution of the human being. The term ‘human’ is derived from the Latin word ‘humanus’. It is the adjective form of ‘homo’ meaning ‘man’ (inclusive of woman). The evolution of man is a long, slow and a gradual …Sep 10, 2020 · During the Paleozoic Era, North America underwent further orogeny on three fronts (Fig. 7.2): ... It represents the time period from ~450 Ma, when thrust faulting and uplift began, to ~200 Ma, by which time the Antler Mountains were nearly eroded to sea level and much of the Antler Orogen was buried by late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic sediment ...Paleozoic 543-Invertebrate marine animals. Fishes appear. Invertebrates colonize land masses. Vascular plants appear. Phanerozoic 543 to present. Mesozoic 251 – 65. Large aquatic reptiles appear. Turtles and sharks appear. Period dominated by dinosaurs. Supercontinent Pangea fragments. Phanerozoic 543 to presentThe Paleozoic is the earliest era of the Phanerozoic. The Paleozoic was also the longest era of the Phanerozoic. But the Paleozoic was relatively recent. It began only 570 million years ago. At the start of the Paleozoic, there was a supercontinent called Rodinia. The supercontinent broke apart during the early part of the Paleozoic.In earliest Paleozoic time (roughly 540 million years ago), North America was situated on the equator, and Minnesota was a low-lying, mostly flat area. Although the climate was probably tropical, land plants had not yet evolved so the land surface was barren except for some primitive algae and bacteria. Sea level began to rise much higher than ...The name Palestine was given by them,so they have no place to come back to. Then the Sassanid empire and the Ottoman started living in this place therefore its Muslim origin. Depends how back u want to to back in history. For me personally the history of Israel starts in 1948 since they made that apartheid state.The Meiji Restoration marked the start of Japan's rise to a global power that for the first time would see an Asian country shoulder-to-shoulder with European powers. The modern state of Japan came into being on Oct. 23, 1868, when the Edo ...The Great Dying brought an end to the Paleozoic Era, and in its wake began a new era that allowed for the diversification of many new lifeforms. This new era became known as the Mesozoic Era ...When did the Paleozoic era begin and end? began 541 mya end 252 mya. when did mesozoic era begin and end? began 252 mya end 65.5 myaIn the Peribaltic Syneclise we can only take into consideration organic matter appearing in lower Paleozoic rocks but their geothermal history refers to the period from the Vendian up to the recent. The present extent of the “oil window” in the Upper Cambrian rocks is mainly restricted to the offshore area.The start of the Paleozoic era, between roughly 542 mya and 530 mya, is a time when a large number of body plans appears for the first time in the fossil record. This Cambrian explosion , as it is called, offers a particularly stimulating challenge for all who would attempt to explain the phenomena.Phanerozoic Eon, the span of geologic time extending about 541 million years from the end of the Proterozoic Eon (which began about 2.5 billion years ago) to the present. The Phanerozoic, the eon of visible life, is divided into three major spans of time largely on the basis of characteristic.Mesozoic Era, second of Earth’s three major geologic eras of Phanerozoic time. Its name is derived from the Greek term for “middle life.” The Mesozoic Era began 252.2 million years ago, following the conclusion of the Paleozoic Era, and ended 66 million years ago, at the dawn of the Cenozoic Era. According to a 2022 report from the United Nations Environment Programme, global demand for “sand resources” has tripled in the past two decades, to something …8.6: Paleozoic. Figure 8.6.1 8.6. 1: The trilobites had a hard exoskeleton and were an early arthropod, the same group that includes modern insects, crustaceans, and arachnids. The Phanerozoic eon is the most recent eon and represents time in which fossils are common, 541 million years ago to today. Silurian The Silurian period [1] of the Paleozoic era [2], 440-410 million years ago, follows the Ordovician period [3] of the Paleozoic, "the age of ancient life." The Silurian was named by the R. I. ... period of the Palaeozoic era following the Ordovician period and extending until the beginning of the Devonian period. It began about 438 ...Cambrian explosion, the unparalleled emergence of organisms between 541 million and approximately 530 million years ago at the beginning of the Cambrian Period. The event was characterized by the appearance of many of the major phyla (between 20 and 35) that make up modern animal life. Many other.Extinction of the Dinosaurs Paleozoic Era 334 to 248 million years ago Mesozoic Era 245 to 65 million years ago ─Triassic Period ─Jurassic Period ─Cretaceous Period Cenozoic Era 65 million years ago to the present ... Soon layers of oceanic ooze began to accumulate above the old hard layer. 5 The salt and gypsum, the faunal changes, and ...The Paleozoic Era is one of the six geologic eras, and it lasted from 541 to 248 million years ago. The Paleozoic Era is divided into the Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian periods. How did Paleozoic Era start? The Paleozoic Era began about 541 million years ago and lasted until about 248 million years ago.Ordovician (490–435 Myr BP) Cambrian (543–490 Myr BP) Precambrian (beginning of the Earth – 570 Myr BP) For the Paleozoic era (570–236 Myr BP), more reliable data on the oceanic temperatures exist only for the late period ( the Permian ). However, there is evidence of large climate variations during the Paleozoic.In the Peribaltic Syneclise we can only take into consideration organic matter appearing in lower Paleozoic rocks but their geothermal history refers to the period from the Vendian up to the recent. The present extent of the “oil window” in the Upper Cambrian rocks is mainly restricted to the offshore area.According to a 2022 report from the United Nations Environment Programme, global demand for “sand resources” has tripled in the past two decades, to something …Mar 18, 2021 · Trilobites are an extinct group of arthropods that inhabited the oceans during the Paleozoic Era. Like all arthropods, trilobites were invertebrates (animals with no backbones) ... Yes, after a decline in the number and diversity of trilobites that began in the Ordovician Period, the last trilobites became extinct in the Permian-Triassic ...Most of these names derive from locations where rocks of these ages were first studied. Cambria was the Latin name for Wales, and the Ordovices and Silures were two Welsh Celtic tribes. The Devonian is named for Devonshire, England.Pangea, supercontinent that incorporated almost all of Earth’s landmasses in early geologic time. Fully assembled by the Early Permian Epoch (some 299 million to about 273 million years ago), it began to break apart about 200 million years ago, eventually forming the modern continents and the Atlantic and Indian oceans.Palaeozoic. The Palaeozoic (or Paleozoic) era is the earliest of the three eras of the Phanerozoic. Its name means early life. It lasted from about 541 to 252 million years ago (mya), and ended with the greatest extinction event, the Permian–Triassic extinction event . Testing began in 1975 through concurrent implementations at Stanford, BBN and University College London ... In general, an internet was a collection of networks linked by a common protocol. In the time period when the ARPANET was connected to the newly formed NSFNET project in the late 1980s, the term was used as the name of the network ...How did the paleozoic era start and end Paleozoic Era Paleozoic Era Animals & Timeline - Study.com Web23. Mai 2019 · Periods of the Paleozoic Era.Carboniferous Period, fifth interval of the Paleozoic Era, succeeding the Devonian Period and preceding the Permian Period. In terms of absolute time, the Carboniferous Period began approximately 358.9 million years ago and ended 298.9 million years ago.Archaea (archaebacteria) are a group of single-celled microorganisms without a defined nucleus. They are classified into three types: Crenarchaeota (heat- and acid-tolerant), Euryarchaeota (methanogens and halophiles), and Thaumarchaeota (ammonia-oxidizing archaea). There are also other less popular species, such as Korarchaeota and Nanoarchaeota.Knowledge of this era is more detailed than any other era because of the relatively young, well-preserved rocks associated with it. Paleogene [ edit ] The Paleogene spans from the extinction of non-avian dinosaurs, 66 …The Paleozoic Era begins after the Pre-Cambrian about 297 million years ago and ends with the start of the Mesozoic period about 250 million years ago. Each major era on the Geologic Time Scale has been further broken down into periods that are defined by the type of life that evolved during that span of time.The Paleozoic ("old life") era was the first and longest era of the Phanerozoic eon, lasting from 538.8 to 251.9 Ma. During the Paleozoic, many modern groups of life came into existence. Life colonized the land, first plants, then animals. Two major extinctions occurred. Sign in. Welcome! Log into your accountThe Ordovician* lasted about 45 million years and saw the transition from very primitive to relatively modern life-forms in the seas. The “Ordovician radiation” which followed the late Cambrian extinctions, lead to a tripling of marine diversity, the greatest increase in the history of life, and giving the highest levels of diversity seen during the Paleozoic Era.Figure 26.1 B. 1: Gymnosperms of the taiga: This boreal forest (taiga) has low-lying plants and conifer trees, as these plants are better suited to the colder, dryer conditions. Fossil records indicate the first gymnosperms (progymnosperms) most likely originated in the Paleozoic era, during the middle Devonian period about 390 million years ago.Silurian The Silurian period [1] of the Paleozoic era [2], 440-410 million years ago, follows the Ordovician period [3] of the Paleozoic, "the age of ancient life." The Silurian was named by the R. I. ... period of the Palaeozoic era following the Ordovician period and extending until the beginning of the Devonian period. It began about 438 ...The Paleozoic Era follows the Precambrian Eon and precedes the Mesozoic Era. ... The Cenozoic Era began with the mass extinction event associated with the K/T ...Figure 15.6. 1: Trilobites, by Heinrich Harder, 1916. The Paleozoic era was dominated by marine organisms, but by the middle of the era, plants and animals had evolved to live and reproduce on land, including amphibians and reptiles. Fish evolved jaws and fins evolved into limbs. Lungs evolved and life emerged from the sea onto land to become ...Phanerozoic Eon The Phanerozoic Eon represents geologic time from the end of Precambrian time, approximately 544 to 570 million years ago (mya), until the present day. As such, the Phanerozoic Eon includes the Paleozoic Era , the Mesozoic Era , and the current Cenozoic Era . The Phanerozoic Eon and constituent eras are then further …Figure 26.1 B. 1: Gymnosperms of the taiga: This boreal forest (taiga) has low-lying plants and conifer trees, as these plants are better suited to the colder, dryer conditions. Fossil records indicate the first gymnosperms (progymnosperms) most likely originated in the Paleozoic era, during the middle Devonian period about 390 million years ago.The Ordovician ( / ɔːrdəˈvɪʃi.ən, - doʊ -, - ˈvɪʃən / or-də-VISH-ee-ən, -⁠doh-, -⁠VISH-ən) [9] is a geologic period and system, the second of six periods of the Paleozoic Era. The Ordovician spans 41.6 million years from the end of the Cambrian Period 485.4 million years ago (Mya) to the start of the Silurian Period 443.8 Mya ...Ordovician Period, in geologic time, the second period of the Paleozoic Era. It began 485.4 million years ago and ended 443.8 million years ago. The interval was a time of intense diversification (an increase in the number of species) of marine animal life in what became known as the Ordovician radiation.Phanerozoic Eon The Phanerozoic Eon represents geologic time from the end of Precambrian time, approximately 544 to 570 million years ago (mya), until the present day. As such, the Phanerozoic Eon includes the Paleozoic Era , the Mesozoic Era , and the current Cenozoic Era . The Phanerozoic Eon and constituent eras are then further …1 jun 2005 ... It was the second largest mass extinction of all time. Over 10 million years, many marine species became extinct including those that built ...The Mesozoic Era began 252 million years ago and lasted for almost 200 million years. This era is known as the “Age Of Reptiles” due to the dominance of this group of animals not only on land, in the shape of the dinosaurs, but also in the oceans and skies. The Mesozoic Era is divided into three periods; the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous.The Paleozoic era (from the Greek palaio, meaning "old" and zoion, "animals," meaning "ancient life") is an interval of about 291 million years defined on the geologic timescale as spanning roughly from 542 to 251 million years ago (mya), and as being the earliest of three eras of the Phanerozoic eon. The Paleozoic era is followed by the ... What period was the end of the Paleozoic Era? 251.902 (+/- 0.024) million years ago Paleozoic/Ended. How long did Mesozoic era last? Following the Paleozoic, the Mesozoic extended roughly 186 million years, from 251.902 to 66 million years ago when the Cenozoic Era began. This time frame is separated into three geologic periods.Life During the Paleozoic. The Paleozoic Era is literally the era of “old life.” It lasted from 544 to 245 million years ago and is divided into six periods. Major events in each period of the Paleozoic Era are described in Figure below. The era began with a spectacular burst of new life. This is called the Cambrian explosion.the largest unit of geologic time is called what? an eon. the Hadean eon, the Archean eon, and the Proterozoic eon make up an interval called what? Precambrian time. An eon is divided into smaller units of geologic time called what? eras. The first era of the Phanerozoic eon was the what? Paleozoic Era.Mesozoic means “middle animal life”; in fact, the Triassic Period is a major turning point in the history of life after a large mass extinction at the end of the Permian Period (251.9 Ma). The Mesozoic represents the end of the dominance of the Paleozoic Fauna and the start of the Modern Fauna.The third period of the Paleozoic era of the geological time scale, it begins 435 million years ago and spans 23 million years. Warmer global temperatures raised ocean levels as glaciers melted; Plant life and simple animals began to emerge on land.Relatives of insects, crabs, and spiders, there were over 20,000 trilobite species that lived between the Cambrian and the end of the Paleozoic Era when they went extinct, some 252 million years ago. Prolific survivors with a segmented body plan that could be easily modified and altered, they soon dominated the seafloor. The microscopic pore throat structure of shale reservoir rocks directly affects the reservoir seepage capacity. The occurrence and flow channels of shale gas are mainly micron–nanometer pore throats. Therefore, to clarify the microstructural characteristics and influencing factors of the deep organic-rich shales, a study is conducted on the marine …the largest unit of geologic time is called what? an eon. the Hadean eon, the Archean eon, and the Proterozoic eon make up an interval called what? Precambrian time. An eon is divided into smaller units of geologic time called what? eras. The first era of the Phanerozoic eon was the what? Paleozoic Era.C. Epochs, periods, eras, eons. D. Eons, eras, periods, epochs. 9. The end of this era was believed to be caused by a comet or. asteroid colliding with Earth, causing a huge cloud of dust and. smoke to rise into the atmosphere, blocking out the sun. A. Paleozoic. B. Holozoic. C. Mesozoic. D. Cenozoic. 10. Which geologic event occurred during ...The name "Pangaea" is derived from Ancient Greek pan ( πᾶν, "all, entire, whole") and Gaia or Gaea ( Γαῖα, " Mother Earth, land"). [4] [9] The concept that the continents once formed a contiguous land mass was hypothesised, with corroborating evidence, by Alfred Wegener, the originator of the scientific theory of continental drift, in ...The microscopic pore throat structure of shale reservoir rocks directly affects the reservoir seepage capacity. The occurrence and flow channels of shale gas are mainly micron–nanometer pore throats. Therefore, to clarify the microstructural characteristics and influencing factors of the deep organic-rich shales, a study is conducted on the marine …The Paleozoic Era is literally the era of “old life.”. It lasted from 544 to 245 million years ago and is divided into six periods. Major events in each period of the Paleozoic Era are described in Figure below. The era began with a spectacular burst of new life. This is called the Cambrian explosion.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like The Paleozoic era began with the splitting up of the supercontinent Rodinia, and ended with the formation of the supercontinent Pangea., Paleozoic era, Rodinia splits into several microcontinents that further break up during the Paleozoic. and more.The greatest exploitation period began in 1900 with the discovery of the Georges vein, the richest of the deposit. Between 1908 and 1909, the La Lucette deposit alone has secured 25 % of the Sb world demand and was the largest Sb deposit in the world (Guiollard, 1995). Au ore has been found in 1903 and started to be mined in 1909.How did Earth change in the Paleozoic Era? The Paleozoic Era, which ran from about 542 million years ago to 251 million years ago, was a time of great change on Earth. The era began with the breakup of one supercontinent and the formation of another. Plants became widespread. And the first vertebrate animals colonized land.Oct 18, 2023 · Cretaceous Period, in geologic time, the last of the three periods of the Mesozoic Era. The Cretaceous began 145.0 million years ago and ended 66 million years ago; it followed the Jurassic Period and was succeeded by the Paleogene Period (the first of the two periods into which the Tertiary Period was divided).How did Earth change in the Paleozoic Era? The Paleozoic Era, which ran from about 542 million years ago to 251 million years ago, was a time of great change on Earth. The era began with the breakup of one supercontinent and the formation of another. Plants became widespread. And the first vertebrate animals colonized land.The greatest exploitation period began in 1900 with the discovery of the Georges vein, the richest of the deposit. Between 1908 and 1909, the La Lucette deposit alone has secured 25 % of the Sb world demand and was the largest Sb deposit in the world (Guiollard, 1995). Au ore has been found in 1903 and started to be mined in 1909.thick Paleozoic section, which, during late Paleozoic time, was eroded away south and west of Ouray over the uplifted core of the ancestral San Juan Mountains„ As a final phase of Laramide activity, a second period of pronounced contin­ ental uplift permitted extensive erosion of thé sedimentaryMesozoic Era, second of Earth’s three major geologic eras of Phanerozoic time. Its name is derived from the Greek term for “middle life.” The Mesozoic Era began 252.2 million years ago, following the conclusion of the Paleozoic Era, and ended 66 million years ago, at the dawn of the Cenozoic Era. Devonian Period — 359 million years ago; Ordovician Period — 443 million years ago; The mass extinctions at the end of the Cretaceous Period is the most familiar because it brought about the demise of the dinosaurs. However, the most dramatic one, in terms of number of species lost, occurred at the end of the Permian Period.Zhu Min, the marine overlord of the Paleozoic Era, brief introduction of the speaker Zhu Min Admitted to the Department of Geology of Nanjing University in 1980, and entered the Institute keto pills review of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1987, under the tutelage of my country s famous ...The Paleozoic is the furthest back era of the Phanerozoic and it lasted the longest. But the Paleozoic was relatively recent, beginning only 570 million years ago. The paleogeography of the Paleozoic begins and ends with a supercontinent.By Youth and Education in Science Paleozoic (541-252 million years ago) means ‘ancient life.’ The oldest animals on Earth appeared just before the start of this era in the Ediacaran Period, but scientists had not yet discovered them when the geologic timescale was made.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like How old is the Earth?, When did the Precambrian Era begin?, How long ago did the Paleozoic Era begin? and more.The Paleozoic Era · Spanning from approximately 440 to 419 million years ago, the Silurian was a Geologic Time Scale period in which the Earth was beginning to ...The Paleozoic Era came to an end with a mass extinction. Something caused conditions on Earth to change dramatically. As much as 95% of the life on Earth died out at this time. Follow-up for The Earth science lesson plans The Paleozoic Era: Color or cut & paste the parts of the clock through the Paleozoic Era including labels.Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic refer to periods in Earth's history. The Paleozoic era began 542 million years ago and ended 251 million years ago. The Mesozoic era is the age of dinosaurs and ...The event that caused the transition from the Paleozoic era to the Mesozoic era was the greatest extinction this earth has seen. This extinction wiped out about 95% of all marine life and 70% of land-life. ... The era ended with "The Great Extinction" which marked the end of the dinosaurs as the Cenozoic era began. Tectonics.. S. 142. 9. Page 2. $. How Did Life Begin? Scientists thOct 1, 2023 · Ordovician Period, in geologic time, t The Cambrian period, occurring between approximately 542–488 million years ago, marks the most rapid evolution of new animal phyla and animal diversity in Earth’s history. It is believed that most of the animal phyla in existence today had their origins during this time, often referred to as the Cambrian explosion (Figure 3). Seed plants first appeared during the _____. Paleoz The Permian ( / ˈpɜːrmi.ən / PUR-mee-ən) [4] is a geologic period and stratigraphic system which spans 47 million years from the end of the Carboniferous Period 298.9 million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Triassic Period 251.902 Mya. It is the last period of the Paleozoic Era; the following Triassic Period belongs to the ... The Mesozoic Era is literally the era of “middle life.”. It is also known as the age of dinosaurs. It lasted from 245 to 65 million years ago and is divided into the three periods described in Figure below. The Mesozoic began with the supercontinent Pangaea. Then, during the era, Pangaea broke up and the continents drifted apart. The Paleozoic Era (543 to 251 million years ago) ... T...

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